Rwanda's high altitude, averaging 5,600 feet in the central plateau uplands, accounts for its pleasant tropical highland climate. Daily temperatures typically range as much as 25°C. The sun shines nearly all year round, and, whatever the season, the mean daily temperature is close to 24°C . Most of the country has minimum night temperatures of around 10°C and maximum daytime temperatures of around 30°C.
There are two wet seasons and two dry seasons. The October-November wet season is known as "the short rains." The main rainy season, lasting from mid-March to the end of May, sees beautiful clear skies alternate with heavy rainstorms.
During the dry seasons, which last from December to mid-March and from June to the end of August, frequent light cloud cover yields a pleasant, never stifling, temperature. Kigali, the capital and largest city, is located on Rwanda's central plateau; its average temperature is 19°C with 40 inches of rainfall annually.
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